Nobody can predict when an emergency or disaster will happen. It can happen anytime, when you least expect it. To lessen the stress of an emergency, it is rather important that you are always prepared for the worst. Being prepared doesn’t mean that you are expecting, or you want it to happen. It just means that you want to lessen that burden and stress of having to go through it.
The basic instinct of any human is survival, you need to be prepared always. You need to prepare emergency supplies that will last for days, weeks or months. Keep your supplies in your emergency pantry or place it somewhere easy to locate, or you can also pack a bug out bag in case you need to leave your home. It is also necessary that you prepare your supplies according to the number of people in your family. You will always want to have enough supplies for everyone.
You must have these essentials in your home for emergency preparedness:
The basic essentials are items that everyone needs to survive and make it through. These are the most basic items humans need in order to keep themselves healthy.
- Non-perishable food
Non-perishable food involves food items that have a long shelf life such as canned food, canned fruits, and canned vegetables. Ensure that the non-perishable food you’ve stockpiled is stored in area that is cool and dry to prevent the growth of mold and algae, which lead to rot. Also make sure that they are safe from pests such as rodents and cockroaches. The food you eat affects your health and your immunity, so be sure to stockpile on foods that are rich in nutrients and vitamins. If you have a pet, prepare food for them too.
- Clean Water
One person needs to drink an average of 1-2 gallons of water per day, but you can make this last even longer if you don’t have enough water rations. However, water is useless if it is not clean. Invest in a good filter or method of disinfecting water such as disinfection tabs or a portable water filter to keep your water clean. You can also boil water, but this requires a method of heating and a container that won’t melt. We recommend buying a lot of bottled water because they are safe from contamination, portable, and can be rationed out easily among a larger group of people.
- First Aid Kit/Trauma Kit
In case of emergencies, you need to be able to clean yourself up to avoid infection. Infections make situations worse because they can cause fevers, necrotic tissue, and other horrible stuff you don’t want to deal with. A first aid kit should contain band aids, pain relievers, bandages, a betadine solution , Neosporin spray, Benadryl capsules, etc. Higher scale first aid kits can also have items like thermal blankets and sewing materials.
Once you’ve got your basic essentials, up next are other things you need to make your life more comfortable:
- Flashlights and batteries or wind-up flashlight
In a power outage, items that require electricity are practically useless unless you have a generator. If you have items that require batteries such as a flashlight, ensure that you have plenty of spare batteries to use. We also recommend getting a wind-up flashlight because it recharges by converting mechanical power or motion into electric power. They often offer unlimited light as long as you recharge it by cranking it up.
- Battery-powered radio or a hand crank radio for communication
Communication with other people is important, especially if there has been an emergency and you need immediate rescue. If you’re not in immediate trouble, then you can use these kinds of radios to stay in touch with what’s happening. Be well-informed by listening to the news.
- Face masks or dust masks
Face masks lessen the chances of contracting airborne diseases and dust masks protect you if you don’t have an enclosed space that keeps you safe from the elements.
- Solar Chargers for your cell phone
Cell phones nowadays are lifelines to the outside world, but they need to be recharged every so often. A solar charger can keep your phone charged, and it also uses renewable energy by harnessing it from the sun.
A multi-tool is a knife, screwdriver, pair of scissors, pair of pliers, a can opener, and so much more—all at the same time. Invest in a high-quality multi tool and keep it with you at all times.
- Whistles or flares to call for help
In case of emergency, you’ll want to be able to call for help. Whistles can help you get out of a tight spot with little effort, while flares can grab the attention of a passing helicopter.
- Lightweight tent or plastic sheeting or a trap, and duct tape for shelter
This allows you to build a suitable shelter no matter where you are to keep yourself safe from the cold, rain, heat, etc. Sleeping bags and blankets are also a must so that you can stay warm and dry.
- Sanitation and hygiene kits, like soap, toothpaste/toothbrush, shampoo, wet wipes, antiseptic, antibacterial wipes.
Good hygiene reduces the risk of contracting diseases and infection.
- A map and a compass
Learn how to navigate your neighborhood or wherever you are by keeping a map and compass with you at all times.
- Emergency money or cash
Money makes the world go round, especially in an emergency. Always keep an emergency pile of it hidden with you.
- Important documents
You never know when you’ll have to provide proof of identity. Keep your passport, driver’s license, birth certificate, deeds of ownership, etc. close at hand.
- Emergency plan
The more prepared you are, the easier you’ll be able to handle the situation.
- Extra change of clothes
These include light jackets, hand warmers, head gears, hats, extra shirts, pants, socks, etc.
- Solar cooker or gas stove and fire starters (lighter, matches)
You need to be able to cook or keep your food warm. Have a method for doing this by purchasing a solar cooker or a gas stove. Also make sure you can start a fire by stockpiling matches and a lighter. Of course, in case of accidents, keep a fire extinguisher close by as well.